Jhaverchand Meghani ( 28 August 1896 – 9 March 1947) was a prominent artist, essayist, social reformer
furthermore, flexibility contender from Gujarat. He is a notable name in the field of Gujarati writing. He
was conceived in Chotila. Mahatma Gandhi immediately gave him the title of Raashtreeya Shaayar
(National Poet). Other than this he got many honors like Ranjitram Suvarna Chandrak and Mahida
Paaritoshik in writing. He composed more than 100 books. His initially book was an interpretation work
of Rabindranath Tagore’s ditty Kathaa-u-Kaahinee titled Kurbani Ni Katha (Stories of affliction)
which was first distributed in 1922. He contributed broadly to Gujarati society writing. He went
from town to town looking for society legends and distributed them in different volumes of
Saurashtra Ni Rasdhar. He was additionally the Editor of Phulchhab Newspaper of Janmabhoomi gathering (which
is being distributed till date from Rajkot).
A specimen of his accumulation of people stories from Saurashtra has as of late been distributed in an
English, with the interpretation done by his child Vinod Meghani. The three volumes distributed up until this point
are titled A Noble Heritage, A Shade Crimson and The Ruby Shattered.
His ballads are instructed as a piece of syllabus in Gujarat Board Schools (GSEB).
Jhaverchand Meghani was conceived nearby in Surendranagar, Gujarat to Kalidas and Dholima Meghani.
His dad Kalidas worked in the Police constrain and consequently was regularly exchanged to necausing most
of Jhaverchand’s training to occur in Rajkot. He had two siblings Lalchand and Prabhashankar.
He was hitched to a lady named Damyanti at 24 years old and following the end of his better half he
hitched Chitradevi at 36 years old. He had 9 youngsters out of which 3 were young ladies specifically Indu,
Padmala and Murli, while 6 were young men, to be specific Mahendra, Mastan, Nanak, Vinod, Jayant and Ashok.
He carried on with a basic and calm life and his effortlessness provoked his school mates to call him Raja
Janak. He wore a white long coat, a dhoti achieving great down the knees and a turban regularly
tied around his head was his consistent clothing. He completed his registration in 1912 and finished
his BA in 1917. He began his profession in Kolkata and joined Jeevanlal and Co. in 1918 as Personal
Collaborator and Fondly called Paghadee Babu by his partners and laborers alike. He was soon
advanced as the Manager of the organization’s processing plant at Belur, Crown Aluminum. In 1919 he went to
Britain for four-month visit. Subsequent to returning to India he keep on working in Kolkata for 2 and
half-year. Later he came back to Saurashtra and joined the article leading group of the week after week
Saurashtra in 1922.
Commitment to the Freedom Struggle
In 1930, he was condemned for a long time in prison for composing the book “Sindhudo” that contained
tunes to move the adolescent of India that was taking an interest in the battle for Independence
against the British Raj. It is amid this time he composed ‘Kavya Triputi’ in view of Gandhiji’s
visit to London for the round table gathering. Amid this period he additionally began composing short
stories autonomously and filled in as proofreader for “Phoolchaab” magazine.
In 1926, he wandered into verse with his book of kids lyrics ‘Veni Na Phool’ and began
writing in “Janmabhoomi” under the section ‘Kalam Ane Kitaab’. He built up his notoriety for being a
faultfinder by his free books. In 1936 he turned into the supervisor of Phoolchaab’ In 1942, he
wandered into started distributing with his book Marela Na Rudhir. In 1945, in the wake of resigning from
“Phoolchaab” he focused on individual composition. In 1946 his book Mansai Na Deeva was granted
the ‘Mahida grant’. That year he was chosen to head the Gujarati Sahitya Parishad’s Sahitya
Area. In 1929, he gave 6 addresses for ‘Gyan Prasarak Mandali’ . He likewise addressed at
Santiniketan attributable to his long relationship with Rabindranath Tagore. Meghani was otherwise called a
Manbhatt artist because of his critical commitment to people ballads[not in reference given] A film
tune Man Mor Bani Thangat Kare in the 2013 Hindi film Goliyon Ki Raasleela Ram-Leela is composed