Viswanathan “Vishy” Anand (conceived 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster, a previous World Chess Champion, and
the present World Rapid Chess Champion.
Anand turned into India’s first grandmaster in 1988. He held the FIDE World Chess Championship from 2000 to 2002, in this way
turning into the principal Asian to do as such. He turned into the undisputed World Champion in 2007 and shielded his title against Vladimir
Kramnik in 2008. He at that point shielded his title in the World Chess Championship 2010 against Veselin Topalov and in the World
Chess Championship 2012 against Boris Gelfand. In the World Chess Championship 2013 he lost to challenger Magnus
Carlsen and lost again to Carlsen in the World Chess Championship 2014.He won the World Rapid Chess Championship in
2003 and 2017.
In April 2006 Anand turned into the fourth player in history to pass the 2800 Elo check on the FIDE rating list, after Garry Kasparov,
Vladimir Kramnik and Veselin Topalov. He involved the main position for 21 months, the sixth longest on record.
Anand was additionally the principal beneficiary of the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award in 1991– 92, India’s most elevated wearing honor. In 2007, he
was granted India’s second most astounding regular citizen grant, the Padma Vibhushan, making him the primary sportsperson to get the
Viswanathan Anand was conceived on 11 December 1969 at Mayiladuthurai, Tamil Nadu in a Tamil family. where he grew up. His
father Krishnamurthy Viswanathan, a resigned general supervisor of Southern Railways, had contemplated in Jamalpur, Bihar, and his
mother Susila was a housewife, chess devotee and a powerful socialite.
Anand is the most youthful of 3 kids. He is 11 years more youthful than his sister and 13 years more youthful than his sibling. His senior
sibling, Shivakumar, is an administrator at Crompton Greaves in India and his senior sister, Anuradha, is a teacher in the United
States at the University of Michigan.
Anand took in chess from age six from his mom, yet took in the complexities of the diversion in Manila where he lived with his
father in 1978 up to the 80’s who was contracted as an advisor by the Philippine National Railways.
Anand was taught at Don Bosco Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Egmore, Chennai and holds a level of Bachelor
of Commerce from Loyola College, Chennai.
Anand wedded Aruna in 1996 and has a child, Akhil, conceived on 9 April 2011.
In August 2010, Anand joined the governing body of Olympic Gold Quest, an establishment for advancing and supporting India’s
tip top sportspersons and potential youthful ability. On 24 December 2010, Anand was the visitor of respect on the grounds of
Gujarat University, where 20,486 players made another world record of synchronous chess play at a solitary setting.
His pastimes are perusing, swimming, and tuning in to music.
Anand has been viewed as an unassuming individual with a notoriety for ceasing from political and mental ploys and
rather concentrating on his game.This has made him an all around loved figure all through the chess world for two decades, confirm by
the way that Garry Kasparov, Vladimir Kramnik, and Magnus Carlsen, of whom the previous two were adversaries for the World
Title all through Anand’s vocation, each supported him in planning for the World Chess Championship 2010. Anand is
now and then known as the “Tiger of Madras”.
Anand was the main sportsperson to be welcomed for the supper facilitated by the Indian PM Manmohan Singh for US President
Barack Obama on 7 November 2010.
Anand was denied a privileged doctorate from University of Hyderabad on account of perplexity over his citizenship status;
nonetheless, later Kapil Sibal, India’s Minister of Human Resource Development apologized and said “There is no issue on the
matter as Anand has consented to acknowledge the degree at a helpful time contingent upon his accessibility”. As indicated by The Hindu,
Anand at last declined to acknowledge the doctorate.
Early chess vocation
Anand’s ascent in the Indian chess world was fleeting. National level achievement came right on time for him when he won the National
Sub-Junior Chess Championship with a score of 9/9 out of 1983 at fourteen years old. In 1984 Anand won the Asian Junior Chess
Title in Coimbatore gaining an International Master standard. He turned into the most youthful Indian to accomplish the title of
Worldwide Master at fifteen years old, in 1985 by winning the Asian Junior Championship for the second year in succession, this
time in Hong Kong. At sixteen years old he turned into the national chess champion. He won that title two more circumstances. He played
recreations at barrage speed. In 1987, he turned into the primary Indian to win the World Junior Chess Championship. In 1988, at the time of
18, he turned into India’s first Grandmaster by winning the Shakti Finance International chess competition held in Coimbatore,
India. He was granted Padma Shri at eighteen years old.
Anand at the Manila 1992 Olympiad, age 22
In the World Chess Championship 1993 cycle Anand fit the bill for his first Candidates Tournament, winning his first match however
barely losing his quarter-last match to 1990 sprinter up Anatoly Karpov.
In 1994– 95 Anand and Gata Kamsky ruled the qualifying cycles for the opponent FIDE and PCA big showdowns. In the
FIDE cycle (FIDE World Chess Championship 1996), Anand lost his quarter-last match to Kamsky in the wake of driving early. Kamsky
went ahead to lose the 1996 FIDE title coordinate against Karpov.
In the 1995 PCA cycle, Anand won matches against Oleg Romanishin and Michael Adams without a misfortune, at that point retaliated for his
FIDE misfortune by crushing Gata Kamsky in the Candidates last. In 1995, he played the PCA World Chess Championship 1995
against Kasparov in New York City’s World Trade Center. After an opening keep running of eight draws (a record for the opening of a
big showdown coordinate), Anand won amusement nine with an intense trade forfeit, however then lost four of the following five. He
lost the match 10½– 7½.
In the 1998 FIDE cycle, the supreme champion Karpov was conceded coordinate seeding by FIDE into the last against the victor of
the seven-round single end Candidates competition. The mental and physical favorable position picked up by Karpov from
this choice caused critical contention, prompting the withdrawal of future World Champion Vladimir Kramnik from the
hopefuls competition. Anand won the hopefuls competition, crushing Michael Adams in the last, and promptly confronted a
very much refreshed Karpov for the title. In spite of this huge drawback for Anand, which he depicted as being
“acquired a pine box” to play Karpov, the standard match finished 3– 3, which prompted a quick playoff, which Karpov won 2– 0. Karpov
subsequently remained the FIDE champion.
Anand won three back to back Advanced Chess competitions in Leon, Spain, after Garry Kasparov presented this type of chess
in 1998, and is generally perceived as the world’s best Advanced Chess player, where people may counsel a PC to help in
their count of varieties.
His amusement accumulation, My Best Games of Chess, was distributed in the year 1998 and was refreshed in 2001.
Anand’s competition triumphs incorporate the Corus chess competition in 2006 (tied with Veselin Topalov), Dortmund in 2004, and
Linares in 2007 and 2008. He has won the yearly occasion Monaco Amber Blindfold and Rapid Chess Championships in years
1994, 1997, 2003, 2005 and 2006. He is the primary player to have won five titles of the Corus chess competition, prevailing by
Magnus Carlsen. He is additionally the main player to win the visually impaired and fast areas of the Amber competition around the same time
(twice: in 1997 and 2005). He is the primary player to have accomplished triumphs in every one of the three major chess supertournaments:
Corus (1989, 1998, 2003, 2004, 2006), Linares (1998, 2007, 2008), and Dortmund (1996, 2000, 2004).
In 2007 he won the Grenkeleasing Rapid title, which he won for the tenth time overcoming Armenian GM Levon
Aronian. By chance, only a couple of days before Aronian had vanquished Anand in the Chess960 last.
In March 2007, Anand won the Linares chess competition and it was generally trusted that he would be positioned world No. 1 in the
FIDE Elo rating list for April 2007. Notwithstanding, Anand was put No. 2 in the underlying rundown discharged in light of the fact that the Linares result was
excluded. FIDE accordingly declared that the Linares results would be incorporated subsequent to all,making Anand number one in
the April 2007 rundown.
Anand won the Mainz 2008 Supertournament Championship by overcoming rising star Magnus Carlsen, acquiring his eleventh title
in that event.
World Chess Championships
FIDE World Champion 2000
Primary article: FIDE World Chess Championship 2000
After a few close misses, Anand won the FIDE World Chess Championship in 2000 out of the blue in the wake of vanquishing Alexei
Shirov 3½– 0½ in the last match held at Tehran, in this manner turning into the main Indian to win that title. Entering the competition as the
#1 general seed, Anand crushed Alexander Khalifman, the safeguarding FIDE title holder, 3½– 2½ in the quarterfinals and
lined the win up with an elimination rounds triumph over Michael Adams of England, 2½– 1½, preceding the last match against Shirov. In
expansion to the title of FIDE best on the planet, Anand got a $528,000 money prize. He completed the competition with 8 wins and
He neglected to safeguard the title in 2002, losing in the elimination rounds to Vassily Ivanchuk. The 2002 FIDE big showdown was
eventually won by Ruslan Ponomariov. Anand tied for second with Peter Svidler in the FIDE World Chess Championship 2005
with 8½ calls attention to of 14 recreations, 1½ focuses behind the victor, Veselin Topalov.
Title holder 2007
Fundamental article: World Chess Championship 2007
Anand in 2007
In September 2007, Anand entered the FIDE