Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai (12 August 1919 – 30 December 1971) was an Indian researcher and trailblazer
generally viewed as the father of India’s space program. Sarabhai got the Shanti Swarup
Bhatnagar Medal in 1962.The country regarded him granting Padma Bhushan in 1966 and Padma
Vibhushan (after death) in 1972.
Child of The Kumar Ambalal Sarabhai, he originated from the popular Sarabhai group of India who were
real industrialists focused on the Indian freedom development. Vikram Sarabhai wedded the
traditional artist Mrinalini in 1942. The couple had two youngsters. His girl Mallika picked up
unmistakable quality as an on-screen character and dissident, and his child Kartikeya Sarabhai excessively turned into a dynamic individual
in science. Amid his lifetime, he rehearsed Jainism and had a place with the Shrimal Jain people group
Known as the support of space sciences in India, the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) was
established in 1947 by Vikram Sarabhai. PRL had an unassuming start at his home, the RETREAT,
with look into on enormous beams.
The foundation was formally settled at the M.G. Science Institute, Ahmedabad, on 11 November
1947 with help from the Karmkshetra Educational Foundation and the Ahmedabad Education
Society. Prof. Kalpathi Ramakrishna Ramanathan was the principal Director of the foundation. The
starting spotlight was examine on inestimable beams and the properties of the upper climate. Research
regions were extended to incorporate hypothetical material science and radio physical science later with awards from the
Nuclear Energy Commission.
Today PRL is effectively engaged with inquire about, identified with five noteworthy fields of science. PRL is moreover
instrumental in the PLANEX planetary science and investigation program.
The Vikram A. Sarabhai Community Science Center (VASCSC), built up in the 1960s by Sarabhai,
worked towards promoting science and arithmetic instruction among understudies, instructors and the
lay open. Its command is to animate intrigue, energize and uncover the standards of science
what’s more, logical technique and furthermore to enhance and find creative strategies for science training.
The foundation of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) was one of his most noteworthy
accomplishments. He persuaded the Indian legislature of the significance of a space program for a
creating nation like India after the Russian Sputnik dispatch. Sarabhai underscored the
significance of a space program as takes after:
“There are some who question the importance of space exercises in a creating country. To us,
there is no ambiguilty of reason. We don’t have the dream of contending with the monetarily
propelled countries in the investigation of the moon or the planets or kept an eye on space-flight. In any case, we are
persuaded that on the off chance that we are to assume an important part broadly, and in the group of countries,
we should be second to none in the utilization of cutting edge advances to the genuine issues of man
Homi Jehangir Bhabha, generally viewed as the father of India’s atomic science program, bolstered
Sarabhai in setting up the main rocket propelling station in India. This inside was set up
at Thumba close Thiruvananthapuram on the shoreline of the Arabian Sea, principally as a result of its
vicinity to the equator. After a momentous exertion in setting up the foundation, work force,
correspondence connections, and platforms, the inaugural flight was propelled on November 21, 1963 with
a sodium vapor payload. Therefore, the main Indian satellite, Aryabhata, was placed in circle in
1975 from a Russian Cosmodrome.
He drove the Sarabhai family’s differing business aggregate. His interests fluctuated from science to
games to insights. He set up Operations Research Group (ORG), the primary statistical surveying
association in the nation. Most remarkable among them are the Nehru Foundation for Development in
Ahmedabad and the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad (IIMA), the Ahmedabad Textile
Industry’s Research Association (ATIRA) and the Center for Environmental Planning and Technology
(CEPT). He likewise set up the Blind Men Association (BMA) which helps outwardly tested individuals.
Alongside his significant other Mrinalini Sarabhai, he established the Darpana Academy of Performing Arts. Other
organizations built up by him incorporate the Faster Breeder Test Reactor (FBTR) in Kalpakkam,
Variable Energy Cyclotron Project in Calcutta, Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL) in
Hyderabad and Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) in Jaduguda, Jharkhand.
Because of Sarabhai’s exchange with NASA in 1966, the Satellite Instructional Television
Trial (SITE) was propelled amid July 1975 – July 1976 (after Sarabhai’s demise).
Sarabhai began an undertaking for the creation and dispatch of an Indian satellite. Therefore,
the primary Indian satellite, Aryabhata, was placed in circle in 1975 from a Russian cosmodrome.
Darpana Academy of Performing Arts, Ahmedabad
Primary article: Darpana Academy of Performing Arts
Darpana was built up as a move institute by Mrinalini and Vikram Sarabhai in 1949. For almost
two decades it showed established move. With Mrinalini as the lead artist, and Chatunni Panicker
as her accomplice, the Darpana move organization visited over the world. A couple of years after the fact the immense
Kuchipudi master, c R Acharyelu joined the staff.
Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad
The decade following autonomy in 1947 was observer to a surge of imaginative plans to manufacture a
juvenile autonomous country into a model vote based state focused on development with value in the
improvement of its kin. The foundation of Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad (IIMA)
was the result of one such inventive activity.
Driven by Vikram Sarabhai, Shri. Kasturbhai Lalbhai and bolstered by the then Chief Minister of
Gujarat, Jivraj Mehta, a gathering of people set up IIMA. This gathering capably wove together a
coalition of five variables — the administrations at the middle and the express, the nearby
industrialists, the Ford Foundation and the Harvard Business School, in an open private
association to build up the Institute.
Leader of the Physics segment, Indian Science Congress (1962)
Leader of the General Conference of the I.A.E.A., Vienna (1970)
VP, Fourth UN Conference on ‘Serene employments of Atomic Energy’ (1971)
The Vikram Sarabhai Space Center, (VSSC), which is the Indian Space Research Organization’s
lead office for dispatch vehicle advancement situated in Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum), capital
of Kerala state, is named in his memory.
Alongside other Ahmedabad-based industrialists, he assumed a noteworthy part in setting up of the
Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad.
In 1973, the International Astronomical Union chose that a lunar hole, Bessel An, in the
Ocean of Serenity will be known as the Sarabhai hole.
“Vikram Sarabhai Biography”. mapsofindia.com. mapsofindia. January 30, 2014. Recovered 22 July
“About Vikram Sarabhai”. iloveindia.com. iloveindia. Recovered 22 July 2015.
“Secret behind Vikram Sarabhai’s demise”. Times of India. December 30, 2008. Recovered 22 July
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22 July 2015.
“Observer to abuse”. tribuneindia. January 14, 2006. Recovered 22 July 2015.
Vikram Sarabhai: A Life by Amrita Shah, 2007, Penguin Viking ISBN 0-670-99951-2
“Well known individuals, Vikram Sarabhai”. thefamouspeople. Recovered 22 July 2015.
“The Visionary-Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai”. Vikram Sarabhai Space Center. Recovered 22 July 2015.
“Profile of the Awardee, Dr Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai”. ssbprize.gov.in. Recovered 22 Feb 2016.
“Padma Awards Directory (1954-2013)”. Service of Home Affairs, Government of India. 14 August
2013. Documented from the first (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Recovered July 21, 2015.
“Jains take the show with 7 Padmas”. The seasons of India. Times of India. April 9, 2015.
Recovered 9 December 2015. “The Jain people group has dependably supported uncommon ability whether it
is famous researcher Vikram Sarabhai, who is viewed as the father of the nation’s space
program, or artist, scholar and profound pioneer Banarsidas who created the artful culmination
Ardhakathanaka, the main ever collection of memoirs in Hindi writing.”
“BRIEF HISTORY”. Recovered 28 March 2016.
“Vikram A. Sarabhai Community Science Center”. VASCSC.org. Recovered 22 July 2015.
“Darpan Academy History”. darpanaaboutus. Walk 28, 2015. Recovered 22 July 2015.
“About — Indian Institute of Management”. IIM Ahmedabad. Recovered 22 July 2015.
Antonín Rükl: Atlas Měsíce, Aventinum (Praha 1991), section Bessel, page 74, ISBN 80-85277-10-7
Sarabhai (hole) – “Planetary Names: Sarabhai on Moon;”. Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature,
IAU, USGS, NASA. Oct 18, 2010. Recovered 22 July 2015.