Sachin Tendulkar

born 24 April 1973 is a former Indian cricketer and a former captain, widely regarded as the

greatest batsman of all time. The highest run scorer of all time in International cricket,

Tendulkar took up cricket at the age of eleven, made his Test debut on 15 November 1989 against

Pakistan in Karachi at the age of sixteen, and went on to represent Mumbai domestically and India

internationally for close to twenty-four years. He is the only player to have scored one hundred

international centuries, the first batsman to score a double century in a One Day International,

the holder of the record for the most number of runs in both ODI and Test cricket, and the only

player to complete more than 30,000 runs in international cricket.

In 2002, halfway through his career, Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack ranked him the second greatest

Test batsman of all time, behind Don Bradman, and the second greatest ODI batsman of all time,

behind Viv Richards. Later in his career, Tendulkar was a part of the Indian team that won the

2011 World Cup, his first win in six World Cup appearances for India. He had previously been

named “Player of the Tournament” at the 2003 edition of the tournament, held in South Africa. In

2013, he was the only Indian cricketer included in an all-time Test World XI named to mark the

150th anniversary of Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack.

Tendulkar received the Arjuna Award in 1994 for his outstanding sporting achievement, the Rajiv

Gandhi Khel Ratna award in 1997, India’s highest sporting honour, and the Padma Shri and Padma

Vibhushan wards in 1999 and 2008, respectively, India’s fourth and second highest civilian

awards. After a few hours of his final match on 16 November 2013, the Prime Minister’s Office

announced the decision to award him the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award. He is the

youngest recipient to date and the first ever sportsperson to receive the award.[ He also won the

2010 Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy for cricketer of the year at the ICC awards. In 2012, Tendulkar

was nominated to the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India.He was also the

first sportsperson and the first person without an aviation background to be awarded the honorary

rank of group captain by the Indian Air Force. In 2012, he was named an Honorary Member of the

Order of Australia.

In December 2012, Tendulkar announced his retirement from ODIs. He retired from Twenty20 cricket

in October 2013 and subsequently retired from all forms of cricket on 16 November 2013 after

playing his 200th Test match, against the West Indies in Mumbai’s Wankhede Stadium. Tendulkar

played 664 international cricket matches in total, scoring 34,357 runs.

Tendulkar was born at Nirmal Nursing Home in Dadar, Bombay on 24 April 1973.[citation needed] His

father, Ramesh Tendulkar, was a well-known Marathi novelist and his mother, Rajni, worked in the

insurance industry. Ramesh named Tendulkar after his favourite music director, Sachin Dev Burman.

Tendulkar has three elder siblings: two half-brothers Nitin and Ajit, and a half-sister Savita.

They were Ramesh’s children from his first marriage.[citation needed]

Tendulkar played as a youngster with his brother, Ajit, for Sahitya Sahawas society’s cricket

team at Bandra East. Ajit is credited by Sachin for playing a pivotal role in his life.Ramakant

Achrekar was impressed with Tendulkar’s talent and advised him to shift his schooling to

Sharadashram Vidyamandir (English) High School, a school at Dadar which had a dominant cricket

team and had produced many notable cricketers. Prior to this, Tendulkar had attended the Indian

Education Society’s New English School in Bandra (East). He was also coached under the guidance

of Achrekar at Shivaji Park in the mornings and evenings. Tendulkar would practice for hours on

end in the nets. If he became exhausted, Achrekar would put a one-rupee coin on the top of the

stumps, and the bowler who dismissed Tendulkar would get the coin. If Tendulkar passed the whole

session without getting dismissed, the coach would give him the coin. Tendulkar now considers the

13 coins he won then as some of his most prized possessions. He moved in with his aunt and uncle,

who lived near Shivaji Park, during this period, due to his hectic schedule.
Sachin Tendulkar and his wife Anjali

Meanwhile, at school, he developed a reputation as a child prodigy. He had become a common

conversation point in local cricketing circles, where there were suggestions already that he

would become one of the greats. Sachin consistently featured in the school team in the Matunga

Gujarati Seva Mandal (MGSM) Shield. Besides school cricket, he also played club cricket,

initially representing John Bright Cricket Club in Bombay’s premier club cricket tournament, the

Kanga League, and later went on to play for the Cricket Club of India. In 1987, at the age of 14,

he attended the MRF Pace Foundation in Madras (now Chennai) to train as a fast bowler, but

Australian fast bowler Dennis Lillee, who took a world record 355 Test wickets, was unimpressed,

suggesting that Tendulkar focus on his batting instead. On 20 January 1987, he also turned out as

substitute for Imran Khan’s side in an exhibition game at Brabourne Stadium in Bombay, to mark

the golden jubilee of Cricket Club of India. A couple of months later, former Indian batsman

Sunil Gavaskar gave him a pair of his own ultra light pads and consoled him to not get

disheartened for not getting the Bombay Cricket Association’s “Best junior cricket award” (He was

14 years that time). “It was the greatest source of encouragement for me,” Tendulkar said nearly

20 years later after surpassing Gavaskar’s world record of 34 Test centuries. Sachin served as a

ball boy in the 1987 Cricket World Cup when India played against England in the semifinal in

Bombay. In his season in 1988, Tendulkar scored a century in every innings he played. He was

involved in an unbroken 664-run partnership in a Lord Harris Shield inter-school game against St.

Xavier’s High School in 1988 with his friend and teammate Vinod Kambli, who would also go on to

represent India. The destructive pair reduced one bowler to tears and made the rest of the

opposition unwilling to continue the game. Tendulkar scored 326 (not out) in this innings and

scored over a thousand runs in the tournament. This was a record partnership in any form of

cricket until 2006, when it was broken by two under-13 batsmen in a match held at Hyderabad in

Early domestic career

On 14 November 1987, Tendulkar was selected to represent Bombay in the Ranji Trophy, India’s

premier domestic First-class cricket tournament, for the 1987–88 season. However, he was not

selected for the final eleven in any of the matches, though he was often used as a substitute

fielder. He narrowly missed out on playing alongside his idol Gavaskar, who had retired from all

forms of cricket after the 1987 Cricket World Cup. A year later, on 11 December 1988, aged 15

years and 232 days, Tendulkar made his debut for Bombay against Gujarat at home and scored 100

not out in that match, making him the youngest Indian to score a century on debut in first-class

cricket. He was handpicked to play for the team by the then Bombay captain Dilip Vengsarkar after

watching him easily negotiating India’s best fast bowler at the time, Kapil Dev, in the Wankhede

Stadium nets, where the Indian team had come to play against the touring New Zealand team. He

followed this by scoring a century in his first Deodhar and Duleep Trophies, which are also

Indian domestic tournaments.
Tendulkar (left) with former Vice president of BCCI, late Dnyaneshwar Agashe (center) and Sourav

Ganguly (right)

Tendulkar finished the 1988–89 season as Bombay’s highest run-scorer. He scored 583 runs at an

average of 67.77, and was the sixth highest run-scorer overall He also made an unbeaten century

in the Irani Trophy match against Delhi at the start of the 1989–90 season, playing for the Rest

of India. Sachin was picked for a young Indian team to tour England twice, under the Star Cricket

Club banner in 1988 and 1989. In the famous 1990–91 Ranji Trophy final, in which Haryana defeated

Bombay by two runs after leading in the first innings, Tendulkar’s 96 from 75 deliveries was a

key to giving Bombay a chance of victory as it attempted to chase 355 from only 70 overs on the

final day.

His first double century (204*) was for Mumbai while playing against the visiting Australian team

at the Brabourne Stadium in He is the only player to score a century on debut in all three of his

domestic first-class tournaments (the Ranji, Irani, and Duleep Trophies). Another double century

was an innings of 233* against Tamil Nadu in the semi-finals of the 2000 Ranji Trophy, which he

regards as one of the best innings of his career.

In 1992, at the age of 19, Tendulkar became the first overseas-born player to represent

Yorkshire, which prior to Tendulkar joining the team, never selected players even from other

English counties.Selected for Yorkshire as a replacement for the injured Australian fast bowler

Craig McDermott, Tendulkar played 16 first-class matches for the county and scored 1070 runs at

an average of 46.52.
International career
Early career

Raj Singh Dungarpur is credited for the selection of Tendulkar for the Indian tour of Pakistan in

late 1989, after one first class season. The Indian selection committee had shown interest in

selecting Tendulkar for the tour of the West Indies held earlier that year, but eventually did

not select him, as they did not want him to be exposed to the dominant fast bowlers of the West

Indies so early in his career. Tendulkar made his Test debut against Pakistan in Karachi in

November 1989 aged 16 years and 205 days. He made 15 runs, being bowled by Waqar Younis, who also

made his debut in that match, but was noted for how he handled numerous blows to his body at the

hands of the Pakistani pace attack. In the fourth and final Test in Sialkot, he was hit on the

nose by a bouncer bowled by Younis, but he declined medical assistance and continued to bat even

as he gushed blood from it. In a 20-over exhibition game in Peshawar, held in parallel with the

bilateral series, Tendulkar made 53 runs off 18 balls, including an over in which he scored 27

runs (6, 4, 0, 6, 6, 6) off leg-spinner Abdul Qadir. This was later called “one of the best

innings I have seen” by the then Indian captain Krishnamachari Srikkanth. In all, he scored 215

runs at an average of 35.83 in the Test series, and was dismissed without scoring a run in the

only One Day International (ODI) he played. Thus Sachin Tendulkar became the youngest player to

debut for India in Tests at the age of 16 years and 205 days and also the youngest player to

debut for India in ODIs at the age of 16 years and 238 days.

The series was followed by a tour of New Zealand in which he scored 117 runs at an average of

29.25 in Tests including an innings of 88 in the second Test. He was dismissed without scoring in

one of the two one-day games he played, and scored 36 in the other. On his next tour, a summer

tour to England of 1990, on 14 August, he became the second youngest cricketer to score a Test

century as he made 119 not out in the second Test at Old Trafford in Manchester, an innings which

contributed to a draw and saved India from certain defeat in the match. Wisden described his

innings as “a disciplined display of immense maturity” and also wrote:

He looked the embodiment of India’s famous opener, Gavaskar, and indeed was wearing a pair of

his pads. While he displayed a full repertoire of strokes in compiling his maiden Test hundred,

most remarkable were his off-side shots from the back foot. Though only 5ft 5in tall, he was

still able to control without difficulty short deliveries from the English pacemen.

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