Rajendra Prasad

Rajendra Prasad 3 December 1884 – 28 February 1963) was the main President of India, in office from 1950 to 1962. An Indian

political pioneer, and attorney via preparing, Prasad joined the Indian National Congress amid the Indian Independence Movement

also, turned into a noteworthy pioneer from the locale of Bihar. A supporter of Mahatma Gandhi, Prasad was detained by British

specialists amid the Salt Satyagraha of 1931 and the Quit India development of 1942. Prasad served one term as President of

the Indian National Congress from 1934 to 1935. After the 1946 races, Prasad filled in as Minister of Food and Agriculture

in the focal government. Upon autonomy in 1947, Prasad was chosen as President of the Constituent Assembly of India,

which arranged the Constitution of India and filled in as its temporary parliament.

At the point when India turned into a Republic in 1950, Prasad was chosen its first President by the Constituent Assembly. Following the

general race of 1951, he was chosen President by the constituent school of the main Parliament of India and its state

lawmaking bodies. As President, Prasad set up a convention of non-partisanship and autonomy for the workplace carrier, and

resigned from Congress party governmental issues. Despite the fact that a stylized head of state, Prasad supported the advancement of instruction in

India and exhorted the Nehru government on a few events. In 1957, Prasad was re-chosen to the administration, turning into the

just president to serve two full terms.


Rajendra Prasad was a Kayastha Hindu and conceived in Zeradai, in the Siwan region of Bihar. His dad Mahadev Sahai, was a

researcher of both the Sanskrit and the Persian dialects, while his mom, Kamleshwari Devi, was a religious lady who might

recount stories from the Ramayana to her child, Prasad.

Understudy life

At the point when Prasad was five years of age, his folks set him under the tutelage of a Moulavi, a proficient Muslim researcher, to

take in the Persian dialect, Hindi and number juggling. After the finish of conventional basic instruction, he was sent to

the Chapra District School. In the mean time, in June 1896, at an early age of 12, he was hitched to Rajavanshi Devi. He, alongside

his senior sibling Mahendra Prasad, at that point went to learn at T.K. Ghosh’s Academy in Patna for a time of two years. He secured

in the first place in the selection test to the University of Calcutta and was granted Rs. 30 every month as a grant.

Prasad joined the Presidency College, Calcutta in 1902, at first as a science understudy. He passed Intermediate level classes

at that point called as F. A. under the University of Calcutta in March 1904 and additionally graduated with First Division from that point

itself in March 1905. Inspired by his astuteness, an inspector once had remarked on his answer sheet “examinee is superior to

inspector”. Later he chose to concentrate on the investigation of expressions and did his M.A. in Economics with first division from the

College of Calcutta in December 1907. There he lived with his sibling in the Eden Hindu Hostel. A gave understudy too

as an open extremist, he was a dynamic individual from The Dawn Society.It was because of his feeling of obligation towards his family and

instruction that he declined to join Servants of India Society. Prasad was instrumental in the arrangement of the Bihari Students

Meeting in 1906 in the corridor of the Patna College. It was the principal association of its kind in India and produced[8]

vital pioneers from Bihar like Anugrah Narayan Sinha and Krishna Singh, who assumed a noticeable part in the Champaran

Development and Non-collaboration Movement.


As an instructor

Prasad and Anugrah Narayan Sinha amid Mahatma Gandhi’s 1917 Champaran Satyagraha

Rajendra Prasad served in different instructive organizations as an instructor. In the wake of finishing his M.A in financial aspects, he turned into a

teacher of English at the Langat Singh College of Muzaffarpur in (Bihar) and went ahead to wind up plainly the vital. In any case,

later on he exited the school for his legitimate examinations and went into the Ripon College, Calcutta (Presently Surendranath Law

School). In 1909, while seeking after his law considers in Kolkata he additionally filled in as Professor of Economics at Calcutta City

School. In 1915, Prasad showed up in the examination of Masters in Law, passed the examination and won a gold decoration. He

finished his Doctorate in Law from Allahabad University in 1937.

As a legal advisor

In the year 1916, he joined the High Court of Bihar and Odisha. Later in the year 1917, he was named as one of the first

individuals from the Senate and Syndicate of the Patna University. He likewise used to provide legal counsel at Bhagalpur, the well known silk-town

of Bihar.

Statue of Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Calcutta High Court.

Part in the Independence Movement

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Jawaharlal Nehru, Bhulabhai Desai, and Rajendra Prasad (Center) at the AICC Session, April 1939

Prasad’s first relationship with Indian National Congress was amid 1906 yearly session sorted out in Calcutta, where he

taken an interest as a volunteer, while examining in Calcutta. Formally, he joined the Indian National Congress in the year 1911,

at the point when the yearly session was again held in Calcutta. Amid the Lucknow Session of Indian National Congress held in 1916, he

met Mahatma Gandhi. Amid one of the reality discovering missions at Champaran, Mahatma Gandhi requesting that he accompany his

volunteers. He was so significantly moved by the commitment, boldness, and conviction of Mahatma Gandhi that when the movement

of Non-Cooperation was passed by Indian National Congress in 1920, he resigned his lucrative profession of legal counselor and also his

obligations in the college to help the development.

He likewise reacted to the call by Gandhi to blacklist Western instructive foundations by asking his child, Mrityunjaya Prasad,

to drop out of his examinations and enlist himself in Bihar Vidyapeeth, a foundation he alongside his associates established on the

conventional Indian model.

Over the span of the free development, he communicated with Rahul Sankrityayan, an author, and polymath. Rahul

Sankrityayan was enormously affected by Prasad’s scholarly ability, observing him to be a guide and master. In a large number of his

articles he specified about his gathering with Sankrityayan and described about their gatherings. He composed articles for the

progressive distributions Searchlight and the Desh and gathered assets for these papers. He visited broadly, clarifying,

addressing, and admonishing the standards of the freedom development.

He played a dynamic part in helping the influenced individuals amid the 1914 surges that struck Bihar and Bengal. At the point when a seismic tremor

influenced Bihar on 15 January 1934, Prasad was in prison. Amid that period, he passed on the help work to his close

associate Anugrah Narayan Sinha. He was discharged two days after the fact and set up Bihar Central Relief Committee on 17 January 1934,

furthermore, took the assignment of raising assets to help the general population himself. Amid 31 May 1935 Quetta tremor, when he was taboo to

leave the nation because of government’s request he set up Quetta Central Relief Committee in Sindh and Punjab under his own


He was chosen as the President of the Indian National Congress amid the Bombay session in October 1934. He again progressed toward becoming

the president when Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose surrendered in 1939. On 8 August 1942, Congress passed the Quit India Resolution

in Bombay which prompted the capture of numerous Indian pioneers. He was captured from Sadaqat Ashram, Patna and sent to Bankipur

Focal Jail. Subsequent to outstanding imprisoned for about three years, he was discharged on 15 June 1945.

After the development of Interim Government of 12 selected priests under the administration of Jawaharlal Nehru on 2 September

1946, he got the Food and Agriculture office. Afterward, he was chosen the President of Constituent Assembly on 11 December

1946. Again on 17 November 1947 he moved toward becoming Congress President for a third time after J. B. Kripalani submitted abdication.

More than two years after freedom, on 26 January 1950, the Constitution of autonomous India was confirmed and Prasad

was chosen the country’s first President.

In the vicinity of 1958 and 1960, President Prasad drove 5 state visits to Japan, Ceylon, USSR, Indo-China, Malaya and Indonesia.

Prasad acted autonomously of legislative issues, following the normal part of the president according to the constitution. Following the

tussle over the order of the Hindu Code Bill, he played a more dynamic part in state issues. In 1962, in the wake of serving twelve

a long time as the president, he reported his choice to resign. In the wake of giving up the workplace of the President of India on May

1962, he came back to Patna on 14 May 1962 and liked to remain in the grounds of Bihar Vidyapeeth.He was in this way granted

the Bharat Ratna, the country’s most astounding non military personnel grant.

He passed on 28 February 1963. Rajendra Smriti Sangrahalaya in Patna is committed to him.

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