Chandra Shekhar Azad first name additionally regularly spelt Chandrashekhar and Chandrasekhar; 23 July
1906 – 27 February 1931), famously known as Azad , was an Indian progressive who rearranged
the Hindustan Republican Association under its new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican
Affiliation (HSRA) after the passing of its originator, Ram Prasad Bismil, and three other unmistakable
party pioneers, Roshan Singh, Rajendra Nath Lahiri and Ashfaqulla Khan.
Azad was conceived as Chandra Shekhar on 23 July 1906 in Bhavra town, in the present-day Alirajpur
region of Madhya Pradesh. His ancestors were from Badarka town close Kanpur His mom,
Jagrani Devi, was the third spouse of Sitaram Tiwari, whose past wives had passed on youthful. After
the introduction of their first child, Sukhdev, in Badarka, the family moved to Alirajpur State
His mom needed her child to be an incredible Sanskrit researcher and influenced his dad to send him to
Kashi Vidyapeeth, Banaras, to contemplate. In December 1921, when Mohandas K. Gandhi propelled the
Non-Cooperation Movement, Chandra Shekhar, at that point a 15-year-old understudy, joined. Thus, he
was captured. On being delivered before a justice, he gave his name as “Azad” , his dad’s
name as “Swatantrata” and his living arrangement as “Prison”. From that day he came to be known as Chandra
Shekhar Azad among the general population.
After suspension of the non-collaboration development in 1922 by Gandhi, Azad turned out to be more forceful.
He met a youthful progressive, Pranvesh Chatterji, who acquainted him with Ram Prasad Bismil who had
framed the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), a progressive association. Bismil was
inspired by Azad, when Azad supposedly put his hand over a light and did not evacuate it till his
skin consumed. He at that point turned into a dynamic individual from the HRA and began to gather reserves for HRA. Most
of the store gathering was through thefts of government property. He additionally needed to manufacture a
new India in light of communist standards. He was associated with the Kakori Train Robbery of 1925, in
the endeavor to explode the Viceroy’s prepare in 1926, and finally the shooting of J.P. Saunders at
Lahore in 1928 to retaliate for the murdering of Lala Lajpat Rai.
Azad made Jhansi his association’s center point for quite a while. He utilized the timberland of Orchha, arranged 15
kilometers from Jhansi, as a site for shooting practice and, being a specialist marksman, he
prepared different individuals from his gathering. He manufactured a hovel close to a Hanuman on the banks of the
Satar River and lived there under the nom de plume of Pandit Harishankar Brahmachari for a long stretch.
He showed youngsters from the adjacent town of Dhimarpura (now renamed Azadpura by the Government
of Madhya Pradesh)) and along these lines figured out how to set up great affinity with the nearby occupants.
While living in Jhansi, he likewise figured out how to drive an auto at Bundelkhand Motor Garage in Sadar
Bazar. Sadashivrao Malkapurkar, Vishwanath Vaishampayan and Bhagwan Das Mahaur came in close
contact with him and turned into an indispensable piece of his progressive gathering. The then congress
pioneers from Raghunath Vinayak Dhulekar and Sitaram Bhaskar Bhagwat were additionally near Azad. He
additionally remained for at some point in the place of Rudra Narayan Singh at Nai Basti, and in addition Bhagwat’s
house in Nagra.
The Hindustan Republican Association was shaped by Bismil, Chatterji, Sachindra Nath Sanyal and
Shachindra Nath Bakshi in 1924. In the repercussions of the Kakori prepare burglary in 1925, the British
cinched down on progressive exercises. Prasad, Ashfaqulla Khan, Thakur Roshan Singh and
Rajendra Nath Lahiri were condemned to death for their cooperation. Azad, Keshab Chakravarthy
also, Murari Sharma sidestepped catch. Chandra Shekhar Azad later rearranged the HRA with the assistance of
progressives like Sheo Verma and Mahaveer Singh. Azad was additionally a nearby partner of Bhagwati
Charan Vohra who alongside Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru, helped him to change the HRA
into the HSRA in 1928 to accomplish their essential point of a free India in light of
Azad passed on at Alfred Park in Allahabad on 27 February 1931. The police encompassed him in the recreation center
after an obscure source revealed to them he was there. He was injured during the time spent shielding
himself and Sukhdev Raj and executed three policemen and injured some others. His activities made it
workable for Sukhdev Raj to get away. After a long shootout, maintaining his promise to never be
caught alive, he shot himself dead with his last bullet.The Colt gun of Chandra Shekhar Azad
is shown at the Allahabad Museum
The body was sent to Rasulabad Ghat for incineration without illuminating overall population. As it came to
light, individuals encompassed the recreation center where the episode had occurred. They droned mottos
against the British run and applauded Azad.
Alfred Park in Allahabad, where Azad passed on, has been renamed Chandrashekhar Azad Park. A few
schools, universities, streets and other open foundations crosswise over India are additionally named after him.
Beginning from Manoj Kumar’s 1965 film Shaheed, many movies have highlighted the character of Azad.
Radiant Deol depicted Azad in the film 23rd March 1931: Shaheed. In the film The Legend of
Bhagat Singh, featuring Ajay Devgan, Azad was depicted by Akhilendra Mishra.
The lives of Azad, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, Bismil and Ashfaq were delineated in the 2006 film Rang
De Basanti, with Aamir Khan depicting Azad. The motion picture, which draws parallels between the lives
of youthful progressives, for example, Azad and Bhagat Singh, and the present youth, additionally stays upon the
absence of gratefulness among the present Indian youth for the penances made by these men.